Acajou d'Afrique

Acajou d'Afrique is a very large tree from the forests of West and Central Africa. It is a reddish-brown tropical wood, soft, light, and versatile: it is used in interior and exterior joinery, as well as in shipbuilding.

 

ACAJOU D'AFRIQUE
Botanical name(s) :

Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya anthotheca

Family:  MELIACEAE (angiosperm)

Commercial rstriction: no commercial

The tropical tree acajou d'Afrique can reach 60 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter. Its brownish bole is marked with small grey-brown scales and its pink-red edge quickly turns brown, with a strong perfume smell.

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acajou d'afrique TIMBER USES

The exotic species acajou d'Afrique is sought after for joinerycabinet making and sliced veneers.


The tropical timber acajou d'Afrique is mainly used for the following purposes:

Structures and panels

  • Glued laminated timber
  • Plywood, inside face and outside face
  • Sliced veneer

 Exterior joinery (building facade)

  • Cladding and outer coating
  • Windows and doors
  • Shutters and closures

Carpentry and interior fittings

  • Doors and door frames
  • Interior panelling and cladding
  • Layout and furnishings
  • Furniture and cabinetmaking

Shipbuilding

  • Boat decks and planking
  • Boat and yacht layouts

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DISTRIBUTION AREA OF acajou d'afrique

The distribution area of the acajou d'Afrique extends from the Atlantic coast of West Africa (Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria), to Central Africa (Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo).

ECOLOGY and Biology of acajou d'afrique

The exotic species acajou d'Afrique is a semi-heliophilous, non-gregarious species of dense evergreen rainforests. The winged seeds of this hermaphrodite species are dispersed by wind (anemochory) in March-April or August-September.

DESCRIPTION OF acajou d'afrique TIMBER

  • Color: red brown
  • Sapwood: clearly demarcated
  • Texture: medium
  • Grain: interlocked
  • Interlocked grain: slight

acajou d'afrique : PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

See the Tropix sheet of acajou d'Afrique (CIRAD).

acajou d'afrique : NATURAL DURABILITY AND TREATABILITY

  • Fungi: class 3 - moderately durable
  • Dry wood borers: durable - sapwood demarcated (risk limited to sapwood)
  • Termites : class S - susceptible
  • Treatability: class 4 - not permeable
  • Use class ensured by natural durability: class 2 - inside or under cover
  • Species covering the use class 5: No

See the Tropix sheet of acajou d'Afrique (CIRAD).

PROCESSING OF acajou d'afrique TIMBER

See the Tropix sheet of acajou d'Afrique (CIRAD).

 

Sources :

  • CIRAD
  • ATIBT
  • Q. Meunier, C. Moumbogou, J.-L. Doucet, 2015, Les arbres utiles du Gabon

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